How To Make Natural Perfume With Essential Oils
For many perfumes are part of their daily life, like the clothes they wear on their back. However, it’s hard to find your signature scent that doesn’t break the bank. Instead of spending hundreds of Rands on expensive synthetic perfume, why not make a natural perfume with essential oils? This blog post will break down the process of how to make essential oil perfume into simple steps you can do in your kitchen.
Guide To Blending Essential Oils
Essential oils are produced from plants; they are fragrant and carry various therapeutic benefits. While for aromatherapy, people are generally concerned with the effects of the essential oils, making natural perfume requires you to pay closer attention to the scent.
The Essential Oil Notes
When blending essential oils, you need to be aware of the concept of fragrance or essential oil notes. Scents are divided into 3 categories, based on the intensity and longevity of their scents. These are top notes, middle notes, and base notes.
- Top Notes – these have very strong or intense fragrances but they do not last very long because they evaporate quickly. This note is what attracts you to the perfume and leads you to the next layers.
- Middle Notes – these are considered the heart of the perfume, as they tend to leave a lasting impression. Middle notes last longer than the top notes and influences the base note.
- Base Notes – these fragrances are the last to appear and last the longest. The scent mingles with the scent of the middle notes to create a rich fragrance.
Examples of base notes are vanilla, patchouli, cedarwood, elemi, frankincense, and sandalwood.
The Ratios: Balancing The Aroma
Another concept that you need to be familiar with is ratio, which is essentially balancing the scents in your blend. It’s important to keep in mind that your natural perfume will not only consist of essential oils. About 20% of the perfume will be made up of carrier oils to dilute the potency of the essential oils.
The essential oils should make up 80% of the total volume, while the carrier oil and vitamin E oil should make up 20%. The 80% will be divided between the three notes accordingly:
Top notes – 15 to 20%
Middle notes – 30 to 40%
Base notes – 45 to 55%
Meanwhile, the remaining 20% is typically divided equally between the carrier oil, which dilutes the essential oils, and the Vitamin E oil, which helps preserve the natural perfume longer. Carrier oils are crucial whenever you use essential oils on your skin because essential oils are highly potent liquids that can irritate the skin when applied directly.
Every perfume you have ever smelled consists of these layers combined through these ratios. A well-rounded perfume takes you through a smooth journey through these layers of fragrances. You can make a thousand and one unique scents by simply applying these elements.
Getting To Know The Aroma Families
Aside from the notes and the ratios, you also need to consider the aroma families of each essential oils. This is usually based on the source of the essential oil.
- Citrus – have light, fruity scent that smells fresh, clean, and tangy (e.g., lemon, grapefruit, sweet orange, citronella, lime, lemongrass)
- Floral – have subtle, powdery fragrances that resemble the scent of flowers (e.g., lavender, chamomile, ylang-ylang, rose geranium, jasmine)
- Musky – deep or rich scents that have a smoky, earthy, and slightly sweet characteristic (e.g., frankincense, myrrh, elemi)
- Woody – reminiscent of the scent of the soil (e.g., cypress, juniper berry, sandalwood, patchouli, pine)
- Herbaceous – have a leafy or grassy scent that smells fresh and mildly floral (e.g., clary sage, Melissa, Marjoram, rosemary, thyme, tea tree)
- Minty – have a cool, refreshing scent (e.g., peppermint, spearmint)
- Spicy – have a warm, intense scent (e.g., cardammom, cinnamon, basil, sweet ginger)
Step-By-Step Recipe To Making Natural Perfumes
Now, onto the steps to creating your own natural perfume.
What you will need:
- 3 to 4 essential oils (at least one top note, middle note, and base note)
- Vitamin E oil
- Carrier Oil
- Measuring cylinder or a small glass
- A glass dropper or pipettes
- Stirring rod
- Amber spray bottle or roller bottle (whichever you prefer)
Note: the tools you need are also available in the Essential Oil Blending Labs Kit.
1. Prepare your measuring cylinder or glass and funnel, if necessary.
2. Decide on how much perfume you want to make. You can start small if you are still trying out scents or simply follow your container’s capacity. Based on the amount you want to make, compute the ratio for the top note, middle note, base note, and vitamin E oil and carrier oil.
3. Start pouring your essential oils. Start with the base notes, followed by the middle notes, then the top notes.
4. Stir the mixture gently.
3. Stir in Vitamin E oil, followed by your choice of carrier oil. Stir the mixture thoroughly.
4. Transfer your perfume to the spray bottle or roller bottle.
5. Store in a cool place, away from direct sunlight.
Additional Tips For Storing Natural Perfume
Essential oils are photosensitive liquids, meaning they oxidize and turn rancid when exposed to the sun. This is why essential oils always come in amber glass bottles as these limit the amount of sunlight that comes into contact with the oils.
An important note here is that you should let your natural perfume sit for about a month to let the essential oils mix fully so you can experience the scent layers fully.